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Manapōuri hydro station

Manapōuri is a hydro power station located in Fiordland National Park, South Island. It has seven 128-megawatt generating units, and an operating maximum station output of 800 megawatts. Manapōuri generates enough electricity for about 619,000 average New Zealand homes.

Manapōuri is the largest hydro power station in New Zealand. It’s located on the edge of Lake Manapōuri’s West Arm in Fiordland National Park, which has UNESCO World Heritage status as part of Te Wāhipounamu.

The hydro power station is located underground, with the station’s generating units housed in a cavern excavated from rock 200 metres below the surface of Lake Manapōuri.


Building Manapōuri

he original construction of the Manapōuri hydro station was a huge engineering achievement. The project took 1,800 workers eight years to complete in extremely harsh conditions. It involved constructing the power station 200 metres below a granite mountain in an underground cavern.

Several access and service tunnels were built. The 10-kilometre tailrace tunnel was excavated to take the water that flowed out of the station into Deep Cove in Doubtful Sound. All this was completed using drill and blast excavation methods that carved through the hard Fiordland rock.

Power was first generated in September 1969 after the installation of two generating units. The station became fully operational in 1972 when the seventh and final generating unit was commissioned.

In 1998 work began on the second tailrace tunnel. An additional outlet for the station was drilled, allowing it to generate to its full rated capacity.

In 2002 the second tailrace tunnel was completed. It runs parallel to the original 1970s tunnel and allows the station to achieve a maximum continuous rating of 850 megawatts, although resource consent conditions limit generation to 800 megawatts.

Key dates

  • 1964 – Construction begins
  • 1972 – Manapōuri fully operational
  • 2002 – Second tailrace tunnel completed


Environmental awareness

The Manapōuri project is regarded as the birthplace of New Zealand’s environmental consciousness.

The original plans for the power station were developed in the 1960s and proposed raising the level of Lake Manapōuri by up to 30 metres. However, Lake Manapōuri’s famed wooded islands would have disappeared, and the fragile shoreline beech forest would have been left to rot in the water.

An increasing number of New Zealanders realised the extent of the environmental impacts, and protests became widespread and passionate. In 1972 the Government confirmed that the lake level would not be raised. In February 1973 the Government created the Guardians of Lakes Manapōuri, Monowai and Te Anau to oversee the management of the lake levels.

The Guardians are still active today. Meridian also supports the habitat-restoration work of the Waiau Fisheries and Wildlife Habitat Enhancement Trust in the Waiau Valley catchment. 

Learn more about the work of the Trust

Meridian Power Up community fund

Our Power Up community fund supports local projects in the areas where we have generation assets. It’s one of the ways in which we recognise the importance of local communities to our operations.

If you’re based near a Meridian hydro station or wind farm and have a project you’d like help with, apply now!

Power Up community fund

Tackling Zero

Tackling Zero is Meridian’s quarterly newsletter for people whose roles or studies are focused on sustainability, or for whom this is an area of interest. Each issue will offer Meridian’s insights into a topical sustainability issue, as well as stories on how we, our customers and supply chain partners are tackling sustainability. It also includes links to recent Meridian disclosures such as new policies and reports.